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Pencil drawing of the law school Logo of the Humboldt Forum Recht The logo reflects the ground plan of the Humboldt-University to Berlin
ISSN 1862-7617
Publications - Essays - 3-2011
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Prof. Dr. Dr. Peter Scholz

Recht im Nahen und Mittleren Osten: Ausdruck moderner Staatlichkeit, Träger islamischen Erbes und Instrument autoritärer Regime

Zugleich eine Einführung in das islamisch geprägte Recht der Gegenwart

Abstract from the author

Portrait des AutorsThe article focuses on the legal orders of the Islamic-shaped states of North Af-rica and the Middle East from Morocco to Afghanistan. Starting point is the modern state law of theses countries, not the traditional Islamic law, without de-nying the structural weakness of a lot of states of the region. The emergence of modern national states involved the at least formal transfer of western legal con-cepts like constitutionality, separation of powers, submission of state power to constitution and law, legislation according the constitution, hierarchy of sources of law, rights and obligations of citizens and a sophisticated judicial system. Characteristics of the mentioned legal orders are the religion of Islam and the authoritarianism of the state systems. The significance of the Islam and the Islamic law for the legal orders is explained and it is shown which legal fields are influenced by Islamic law. Most political systems are categorized as authoritarian despite signs of democratization. It is exposed how the regimes utilize the legislation and the application of law to save their power.

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Index of contents

Comparative Law | Islamic Law

Constitutional Law | Islam | Middle East | Near East | Northern Africa | Private International Law

Quotation reference:
Peter Scholz, HFR 2011, S. 24 et seqq.

Linking reference:

Edited by Christoph Otto